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Erysipeloid

Definition

Erysipeloid is inflammation of the skin caused by bacteria.

Causes

The bacteria that cause erysipeloid are called Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. This type of bacteria is found in fish, birds, mammals, and shellfish. Erysipeloid usually affects people who work with these animals (such as farmers or butchers).

Symptoms

The main symptom is warmth, tenderness, and redness on the skin.

Treatment

Antibiotics, especially penicillin, are used to treat this condition.

Outlook (Prognosis)

The infection rarely spreads. It may get better on its own.

References

Habif TP. Bacterial infections. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby; 2009:chap 9.

Millet CR, Halpern AV, Reboli AC, Heymann WR. Bacterial diseases. In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, et al, eds. Dermatology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 74.


Review Date: 11/12/2014
Reviewed By: Richard J. Moskowitz, MD, dermatologist in private practice, Mineola, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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