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References: Stroke Risk Assessment

The Health Risk Assessments have been created by A.D.A.M. Inc. The assessment questions and their corresponding health messages are based on the following references and physician review:

American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2016. Diabetes Care. January 2016; 39 (Supplement 1). PMID: 26696673. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26696673.

Biller J, Ruland S, Schneck MJ. Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomery SL, eds. Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 65.

Bassetti CL. Sleep and Stroke. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC, eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 88.

Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014 May;45(5):1545-88. PMID: 24503673. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24503673.

Goldstein LB. Prevention and management of stroke. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 59.

Kernan WN, Ovbiagele B, Black HR, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack: a guideline for health care professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014 Jul;45(7):2160-236. PMID: 24788967. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24788967. Meschia JF, Bushnell C, Boden-Albala B, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a statement for health care professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014 Dec;45(12):3754-832. PMID: 25355838. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25355838. Ridker PM, Libby P, Buring JE. Risk Markers and the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 42.