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Rifaximin (By mouth)

Rifaximin (rif-AX-i-min)

Treats traveler's diarrhea. Also helps prevent recurrence of certain liver problems.

Brand Name(s):

Xifaxan

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use it if you had an allergic reaction to rifaximin or similar drugs.

How to Use This Medicine:

Tablet

  • Take your medicine as directed.
  • Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Some medicines can affect how rifaximin works. Tell your doctor if you are using cyclosporine.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have liver disease or have recently been taking an antibiotic.
  • This medicine can cause diarrhea. Call your doctor if the diarrhea becomes severe, does not stop, or is bloody. Do not take any medicine to stop diarrhea until you have talked to your doctor. Diarrhea can occur 2 months or more after you stop taking this medicine.
  • Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse.
  • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Blood in the stools, fever, or worsening of diarrhea
  • Rapid weight gain, swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet
  • Trouble breathing
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
  • Upper abdominal pain

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache, nausea, or gas
  • Muscle or joint pain

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088


Last Updated: 9/4/2014


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